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Philosophy

On the basis of a solid solution to the problem of truth, he moves on to a profound study of man, who is both the subject and the object of philosophical enquiries. Ethics, as the highest concern of man, comes next, and Rosmini provides the foundation of the principles of Ethics in the supreme principle of his philosophy, the idea of being. His four volumes on Psychology deal with the spiritual side of man, the human soul, its essence, development, laws, and the opinions about the human soul and the way to distinguish those which are true from those which are false or mistaken. There follows the study of collections of individuals in Societies, the origin of Society, the principles underlining both the formation and development of Societies and their downfall, and the way human Societies should be ruled by politicians, and by the Constitutions, written in accordance with natural, intelligent laws based on the respect of the individuals who are “subsistent right”. Rosmini dedicated 6 volumes to the study of Right, starting with its essence and presenting the basis for the rights of the individual, of society, of the Church, of the family, and of Civil Society. His outstanding work is also his concluding one, the six volumes on Theosophy, which are dedicated to a most profound investigation on being, in its three modes – ideal, real, and moral. We can place his sublime work on Theodicy midway between purely philosophical issues and his theology. Theodicy answers questions about God’s management of the Universe, the problem of evil in particular, but also the apparent contradictions in the attributes of God. Whereas, Rosmini’s views on Theodicy are similar to those of St. Augustine, St. Thomas, or Leibniz, nonetheless, his final greater section on the laws according to which God operates as an infinitely intelligent and perfect being are unique to him.


Education


Rosmini distinguished between human nature and the person, insisting that education must deal with both. By “nature” he means the natural talents and other natural attributes found in man, which we must indeed develop...

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Epistemology


Philosophy is not only the search for the possibility of the truth but it must also provide answers about it. Philosophy, and any other science, make sense only if the human mind is made for the truth...

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Ethics


Rosmini distinction between eudaemonology and ethics, the former based on subjective happiness and taste, the latter on universal and objective principles is essential for the founding of morality on true and solid foundations...

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Metaphysics


In effect, the origin of such an idea would be totally inexplicable unless we arrive at the conclusion that it comes from outside man with all its attributes of objectivity, universality, simplicity, eternity, etc...

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Psychology


The soul is essentially “that which feels” and has to be devoid of any material part in order to be such, it has to be “spiritual”. There are two fundamental realities in man: the idea of being, and the fundamental feeling...

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Politics


Rosmini deals, therefore, with the essential characteristics and the origin of Societies. It is necessary to identify the primary purpose or end of a Society, and all the means necessary to arrive at the end...

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Right


There are rights which belong to man from conception, and others which Society can create in order to safeguard the rights of the individuals. The individual himself is, says Rosmini, “subsistent right”...

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